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Demetrius challenges the kingdom. Alcimus applies to him to be made high priest: Nicanor is sent into Judea: his dealings with Judas: his threats. The history of Razias.

chapters: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
141But after the space of three years Judas, and they that were with him, understood that Demetrius, the son of Seleucus, was come up with a great power, and a navy by the haven of Tripolis, to places proper for his purpose,sed post triennii tempus cognovit Iudas et qui cum eo erant Demetrium Seleuci cum multitudine valida et navibus per portum Tripoli ascendisse ad loca oportuna
142And had made himself master of the countries against Antiochus, and his general, Lysias.et tenuisse regiones adversus Antiochum et eius ducem Lysiam
143Now one Alcimus, who had been chief priest, but had wilfully defiled himself in the time of mingling with the heathens, seeing that there was no safety for him, nor access to the altar,Alchimus autem quidam qui summus sacerdos fuerat sed voluntarie coinquinatus est temporibus commixtionis considerans nullo modo sibi esse salutem neque accessum ad altare
144Came to king Demetrius in the year one hundred and fifty, presenting unto him a crown of gold, and a palm, and besides these, some boughs that seemed to belong to the temple. And that day indeed he held his peace.venit ad regem Demetrium centesimo quinquagesimo anno offerens ei auream coronam et palmam super haec et tallos qui templi esse videbantur et ipsa quidem die siluit
145But having gotten a convenient time to further his madness, being called to counsel by Demetrius, and asked what the Jews relied upon, and what were their counsels,tempus autem oportunum dementiae suae nanctus convocatus a Demetrio ad consilium et interrogatus quibus rebus et consiliis Iudaei niterentur
146He answered thereunto: They among the Jews that are called Assideans, of whom Judas Machabeus is captain, nourish wars, and raise seditions, and will not suffer the realm to be in peace.respondit ipsi qui dicuntur Asidei Iudaeorum quibus praeest Iudas Macchabeus bella nutriunt et seditiones movent nec patiuntur regnum esse quietum
147For I also being deprived of my ancestor's glory (I mean of the high priesthood) am now come hither:nam et ego defraudatus parentum gloria dico autem summo sacerdotio huc veni
148Principally indeed out of fidelity to the king's interests, but in the next place also to provide for the good of my countrymen: for all our nation suffereth much from the evil proceedings of these men.primo quidem utilitatibus regis fidem servans secundo autem etiam civibus consulens nam illorum pravitate universum genus nostrum non minime vexatur
149Wherefore, O king, seeing thou knowest all these things, take care, I beseech thee, both of the country, and of our nation, according to thy humanity which is known to all men.sed his singulis oro rex cognitis et regioni et generi secundum pervulgatam omnibus humanitatem tuam prospice
1410For as long as Judas liveth it is not possible that the state should be quiet.nam quamdiu superest Iudas inpossibile est pacem esse negotiis
1411Now when this man had spoken to this effect the rest also of the king's friends, who were enemies of Judas, incensed Demetrius against him.talibus autem ab hoc dictis et ceteri amici hostiliter habentes adversus Iudam inflammaverunt Demetrium
1412And forthwith he sent Nicanor, the commander over the elephants, governor into Judea:qui statim Nicanorem praepositum elefantorum ducem misit Iudaeam
1413Giving him in charge, to take Judas himself: and disperse all them that were with him, and to make Alcimus the high priest of the great temple.datis mandatis ipsum quidem Iudam caperet eos vero qui cum illo erant dispergeret et constitueret Alchimum maximi templi summum sacerdotem
1414Then the Gentiles who had fled out of Judea, from Judas, came to Nicanor by flocks, thinking the miseries and calamities of the Jews to be the welfare of their affairs.tunc gentes quae de Iudaea fugerant Iudam segregatim se Nicanori miscebant miserias et clades Iudaeorum prosperitates rerum suarum existimantes
1415Now when the Jews heard of Nicanor's coming, and that the nations were assembled against them, they cast earth upon their heads, and made supplication to him who chose his people to keep them for ever, and who protected his portion by evident signs.audito itaque Iudaei Nicanoris adventu et conventu nationum conspersi terra rogabant eum qui populum suum constituit eum in aeternum custodiret quique suam portionem signis evidentibus protegit
1416Then at the commandment of their captain, they forthwith removed from the place where they were, and went to the town of Dessau, to meet them.imperante autem duce statim inde moverunt et convenerunt ad castellum Dessau
1417Now Simon, the brother of Judas, had joined battle with Nicanor: but was frightened with the sudden coming of the adversaries.Simon vero frater Iudae commiserat cum Nicanore sed conterritus est repentino adventu adversariorum
1418Nevertheless Nicanor hearing of the valour of Judas's companions, and the greatness of courage, with which they fought for their country, was afraid to try the matter by the sword.Nicanor tamen audiens virtutem comitum Iudae et animi magnitudinem quam pro patriae certaminibus habebant sanguine iudicium facere metuebat
1419Wherefore he sent Posidonius, and Theodotius and Matthias before to present and receive the right hands.quam ob rem misit Possidonium et Theodotum et Matthathiam ut darent dextras atque acciperent
1420And when there had been a consultation thereupon, and the captain had acquainted the multitude with it, they were all of one mind to consent to covenants.et cum diu de his consilium ageretur et ipse dux ad multitudinem rettulisset omnium una fuit sententia amicitiis annuere
1421So they appointed a day upon which they might come together by themselves: and seats were brought out, and set for each one.itaque diem constituerunt qua secreto inter se agerent et a singulis sellae prolatae sunt et positae
1422But Judas ordered armed men to be ready in convenient places, lest some mischief might be suddenly practised by the enemies: so they made an agreeable conference.praecepit autem Iudas armatos esse locis oportunis ne forte ab hostibus repente mali aliquid oriretur et congruum conloquium fecerunt
1423And Nicanor abode in Jerusalem, and did no wrong, but sent away the flocks of the multitudes that had been gathered together.morabatur autem Nicanor Hierosolymis et nihil inique agebat gregesque turbarum quae congregatae fuerant dimisit
1424And Judas was always dear to him from the heart, and he was well affected to the man.habebat autem semper Iudam carum ex animo erat vero inclinatus
1425And he desired him to marry a wife, and to have children. So he married: he lived quietly, and they lived in common.rogavit eum ducere uxorem filiosque procreare nuptias fecit quiete egit communiterque vivebant
1426But Alcimus seeing the love they had one to another, and the covenants, came to Demetrius, and told him that Nicanor had assented to the foreign interest, for that he meant to make Judas, who was a traitor to the kingdom, his successor.Alchimus autem videns caritatem illorum ad invicem et conventiones venit ad Demetrium et dicebat Nicanorem rebus alienis adsentare Iudamque regni insidiatorem successorem sibi destinasse
1427Then the king, being in a rage, and provoked with this man's wicked accusation, wrote to Nicanor, signifying that he was greatly displeased with the covenant of friendship: and that he commanded him nevertheless to send Machabeus prisoner in all haste to Antioch.itaque rex exasperatus et pessimis huius criminationibus inritatus scripsit Nicanori dicens graviter quidem se ferre de amicitiae conventione iubere tamen Macchabeum citius vinctum mittere Antiochiam
1428When this was known, Nicanor was in a consternation, and took it grievously that he should make void the articles that were agreed upon, having received no injury from the man.quibus cognitis Nicanor consternabatur et graviter ferebat si ea quae convenerant irrita faceret nihil laesus a viro
1429But because he could not oppose the king, he watched an opportunity to comply with the orderssed quia regi resistere non poterat oportunitatem observabat qua praeceptum perficeret
1430But when Machabeus perceived that Nicanor was more stern to him, and that when they met together as usual he behaved himself in a rough manner; and was sensible that this rough behaviour came not of good, he gathered together a few of his men, and hid himself from Nicanor.at Macchabeus videns austerius secum agere Nicanorem et consuetum occursum ferocius exhibentem intellegens non ex bono esse austeritatem istam paucis suorum congregatis occultavit se a Nicanore
1431But he finding himself notably prevented by the man, came to the great and holy temple: and commanded the priests that were offering the accustomed sacrifices, to deliver him the man.quod ut ille cognovit fortiter se a viro praeventum venit ad maximum et sanctissimum templum et sacerdotibus solitas hostias offerentibus iussit sibi tradi virum
1432And when they swore unto him, that they knew not where the man was whom he sought, he stretched out his hand to the temple,quibus cum iuramento dicentibus nescire se ubi esset qui quaerebatur extendens manum ad templum
1433And swore, saying: Unless you deliver Judas prisoner to me, I will lay this temple of God even with the ground, and will beat down the altar, and I will dedicate this temple to Bacchus.iuravit nisi mihi vinctum Iudam tradideritis istud Dei fanum in planitiem deducam et altare effodiam et templum hoc Libero patri consecrabo
1434And when he had spoken thus, he departed. But the priests stretching forth their hands to heaven, called upon him that was ever the defender of their nation, saying in this manner:et his dictis abiit sacerdotes autem protendentes manus in caelum invocabant eum qui semper propugnator esset gentis ipsorum haec dicentes
1435Thou, O Lord of all things, who wantest nothing, wast pleased that the temple of thy habitation should be amongst us.tu Domine qui universitatis nullius indiges voluisti templum habitationis tuae fieri in nobis
1436Therefore now, O Lord, the holy of all holies, keep this house for ever undefiled, which was lately cleansed.et nunc sancte sanctorum omnium Domine conserva in aeternum inpollutam domum istam quae nuper mundata est
1437Now Razias, one of the ancients of Jerusalem, was accused to Nicanor, a man that was a lover of the city, and of good report, who for his kindness was called the father of the Jews.Razias autem quidam de senioribus ab Hierosolymis delatus est Nicanori vir amator civitatis et bene audiens qui pro adfectu pater Iudaeorum appellabatur
1438This man, for a long time, had held fast his purpose of keeping himself pure in the Jews' religion, and was ready to expose his body and life, that he might persevere therein.hic multis temporibus continentiae propositum tenuit in iudaismo corpusque et animam tradere contentus pro perseverantia
1439So Nicanor being willing to declare the hatred that he bore the Jews, sent five hundred soldiers to take him.volens autem Nicanor manifestare odium quod habebat in Iudaeos misit milites quingentos ut eum conprehenderent
1440For he thought by ensnaring him to hurt the Jews very much.putabat enim si illum decepisset se cladem maximam Iudaeis inlaturum
1441Now as the multitude sought to rush into his house, and to break open the door, and to set fire to it, when he was ready to be taken, he struck himself with his sword:turbis autem inruere domum eius et ianuam disrumpere atque ignem admovere cupientibus cum iam conprehenderetur gladio se petit
1442Choosing to die nobly rather than to fall into the hands of the wicked, and to suffer abuses unbecoming his noble birth.eligens nobiliter mori potius quam subditus fieri peccatoribus et contra natales suos indignis iniuriis agi
1443But whereas through haste he missed of giving a sure wound, and the crowd was breaking into the doors, he ran boldly to the wall, and manfully threw himself down to the crowd:sed cum per festinationem non certo ictu plagam dedisset et turbae intra ostia inrumperent recurrens audenter ad murum praecipitavit semet ipsum viriliter in turbas
1444But they quickly making room for his fall, he came upon the midst of the neck.quibus velociter locum dantibus casui eius venit per mediam cervicem
1445And as he had yet breath in him, being inflamed in mind, he arose: and while his blood ran down with a great stream, and he was grievously wounded, he ran through the crowd:et cum adhuc spiraret accensis animis surrexit cum et sanguis eius magno fluxu deflueret saucius cursu turbam pertransiit
1446And standing upon a steep rock, when he was now almost without blood, grasping his bowels, with both hands he cast them upon the throng, calling upon the Lord of life and spirit, to restore these to him again: and so he departed this life.et stans super petram quandam praeruptam et iam exsanguis effectus conplexus intestina sua utrisque manibus proiecit super turbas invocans Dominatorem vitae ac spiritus ut haec illi iterum redderet atque ita vita defunctus est
chapters: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15



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