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Antiochus commands the law to be abolished, sets up an idol in the temple, and persecutes the faithful. The martyrdom of Eleazar.

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61But not long after the king sent a certain old man of Antioch, to compel the Jews to depart from the laws of their fathers and of God:sed non post multum temporis misit rex senem quendam antiochenum qui conpelleret Iudaeos ut se transferrent a patriis et Dei legibus
62And to defile the temple that was in Jerusalem, and to call it the temple of Jupiter Olympius: and that in Garazim of Jupiter Hospitalis, according as they were that inhabited the place.contaminare etiam quod in Hierosolymis erat templum et cognominare Iovis Olympii et in Garizin prout erant hii qui locum inhabitabant Iovis Hospitalis
63And very bad was this invasion of evils, and grievous to all.pessima autem universis et gravis malorum erat incursio
64For the temple was full of the riot and revellings of the Gentiles: and of men lying with lewd women. And women thrust themselves of their accord into the holy places, and brought in things that were not lawful.nam templum luxuria et comesationibus erat plenum et scortantium cum meretricibus sacratisque aedibus mulieres se ultro ingerebant intro ferentes ea quae non licebat
65The altar also was filled with unlawful things, which were forbidden by the laws.altare etiam plenum erat inlicitis quae legibus prohibebantur
66And neither were the sabbaths kept, nor the solemn days of the fathers observed, neither did any man plainly profess himself to be a Jew.neque autem sabbata custodiebantur neque dies sollemnes patrii servabantur nec simpliciter se quisquam Iudaeum esse confitebatur
67But they were led by bitter constraint on the king's birthday to the sacrifices: and when the feast of Bacchus was kept, they were compelled to go about crowned with ivy in honour of Bacchus.ducebantur autem cum amara necessitate in die natalis regis ad sacrificia et cum Liberi sacra celebrarentur cogebantur hedera coronati Libero circumire
68And there went out a decree into the neighbouring cities of the Gentiles, by the suggestion of the Ptolemeans, that they also should act in like manner against the Jews, to oblige them to sacrifice:decretum autem exiit in proximas gentilium civitates suggerentibus Ptolomeis ut pari modo et ipsi adversus Iudaeos agerent ut sacrificarent
69And whosoever would not conform themselves to the ways of the Gentiles, should be put to death: then was misery to be seen.eos autem qui nollent transire ad instituta gentilium interficerent erat ergo videre miseriam
610For two women were accused to have circumcised their children: whom, when they had openly led about through the city, with the infants hanging at their breasts, they threw down headlong from the walls.duae enim mulieres delatae sunt natos suos circumcidisse quas infantibus ad ubera suspensis cum publice per civitatem circumduxissent per muros praecipitaverunt
611And others that had met together in caves that were near, and were keeping the sabbath day privately, being discovered by Philip, were burnt with fire, because they made a conscience to help themselves with their hands, by reason of the religious observance of the day.alii vero ad proximas coeuntes speluncas et latenter sabbati diem celebrantes cum indicati essent Philippo flammis succensi sunt eo quod verebantur propter religionem et observantiam manu sibimet auxilium ferre
612Now I beseech those that shall read this book, that they be not shocked at these calamities, but that they consider the things that happened, not as being for the destruction, but for the correction of our nation.obsecro autem eos qui hunc librum lecturi sunt ne abhorrescant propter adversos casus sed reputent ea quae acciderunt non ad interitum sed ad correptionem generis esse nostri
613For it is a token of great goodness, when sinners are not suffered to go on in their ways for a long time, but are presently punished.etenim multo tempore non sinere peccatoribus ex sententia agere sed statim ultiones adhibere magni beneficii est indicium
614For, not as with other nations, (whom the Lord patiently expecteth, that when the day of judgment shall come, he may punish them in the fulness of their sins:)non enim sicut in aliis nationibus Dominus patienter expectat ut eas cum iudicii dies venerit in plenitudine peccatorum puniat
615Doth he also deal with us, so as to suffer our sins to come to their height, and then take vengeance on us.ita et in nobis statuit ut peccatis nostris in finem devolutis ita demum in nos vindicet
616And therefore he never withdraweth his mercy from us: but though he chastise his people with adversity he forsaketh them not.propter quod numquam quidem a nobis misericordiam suam amovet corripiens vero in adversis populum suum non derelinquit
617But let this suffice in a few words for a warning to the readers. And now we must come to the narration.sed haec nobis ad commonitionem legentium dicta sint paucis iam autem veniendum est ad narrationem
618Eleazar one of the chief of the scribes, a man advanced in years, and of a comely countenance, was pressed to open his mouth to eat swine's flesh.igitur Eleazarus de primoribus scribarum vir aetate provectus et vultu decorus aperto ore hians conpellebatur carnem porcinam manducare
619But he, choosing rather a most glorious death than a hateful life, went forward voluntarily to the torment.at ille gloriosam mortem magis quam odibilem vitam amplectens voluntarie praeibat ad supplicium
620And considering in what manner he was to come to it, patiently bearing, he determined not to do any unlawful things for the love of life.intuens autem quemadmodum oportet accedere patienter sustinens destinavit non admittere inlicita propter vitae amorem
621But they that stood by, being moved with wicked pity, for the old friendship they had with the man, taking him aside, desired that flesh might be brought which it was lawful for him to eat, that he might make as if he had eaten, as the king had commanded, of the flesh of the sacrifice:hii autem qui adstabant iniqua miseratione commoti propter antiquam viri amicitiam tollentes eum secreto rogabant adferri carnes quibus vesci ei licebat et simularetur manducasse sicut rex imperaverat de sacrificii carnibus
622That by so doing he might be delivered from death; and for the sake of their old friendship with the man, they did him this courtesy.ut hoc facto a morte liberaretur et propter veterem amicitiam hanc in eo facerent humanitatem
623But he began to consider the dignity of his age, and his ancient years, and the inbred honour of his grey head, and his good life and conversation from a child; and he answered without delay, according to the ordinances of the holy law made by God, saying, that he would rather be sent into the other world.at ille cogitationem cepit aetatis ac senectutis suae eminentiam dignam et ingenuitatem nobilitatis canitiem atque a puero optimae conversationis et secundum sanctae et a Deo conditae legis constituta respondit cito dicens praemitti se velle in infernum
624For it doth not become our age, said he, to dissemble: whereby many young persons might think that Eleazar, at the age of fourscore and ten years, was gone over to the life of the heathens:non enim aetatem nostram dignum est inquit fingere ut multi adulescentium arbitrati Eleazarum nonaginta annorum transisse ad vitam alienigenarum
625And so they, through my dissimulation, and for a little time of a corruptible life, should be deceived, and hereby I should bring a stain and a curse upon my old age.et ipsi propter meam simulationem et propter modicum corruptibilis vitae tempus decipiantur et per hoc maculam atque execrationem meae senectuti conquiram
626For though, for the present time, I should be delivered from the punishments of men, yet should I not escape the hand of the Almighty neither alive nor dead.nam et si in praesenti tempore suppliciis hominum eripiar sed manus Omnipotentis neque vivens neque defunctus effugiam
627Wherefore, by departing manfully out of this life, I shall shew myself worthy of my old age:quam ob rem fortiter vitam excedendo senectute quidem dignus apparebo
628And I shall leave an example of fortitude to young men, if with a ready mind and constancy I suffer an honourable death, for the most venerable and most holy laws. And having spoken thus, he was forthwith carried to execution.adulescentibus autem exemplum forte relinquam si prompto animo ac fortiter pro gravissimis et sanctissimis legibus honesta morte perfungar his dictis confestim ad supplicium trahebatur
629And they that led him, and had been a little before more mild, were changed to wrath for the words he had spoken, which they thought were uttered out of arrogancy.hii autem qui eum ducebant et paulo ante fuerant mitiores in iram versi sunt propter sermones ab eo dictos quos illi per arrogantiam prolatos arbitrabantur
630But when be was now ready to die with the stripes, he groaned: and said: O Lord, who hast the holy knowledge, thou knowest manifestly that whereas I might be delivered from death, I suffer grievous pains in body: but in soul am well content to suffer these things, because I fear thee.sed cum plagis perimeretur ingemuit et dixit Domine qui habes sanctam scientiam manifeste scis tu quia cum a morte possim liberari duros corporis sustineo dolores secundum animam vero propter timorem tuum libenter haec patior
631Thus did this man die, leaving not only to young men, but also to the whole nation, the memory of his death, for an example of virtue and fortitude.et iste quidem hoc modo vita decessit non solum iuvenibus sed et universae genti memoriam mortis suae ad exemplum virtutis et fortitudinis derelinquens
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